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John H. Cross Jr., Pastor of Church Bombed in ’60s, Dies at 82


The Rev. John H. Cross Jr., who dug through the rubble of his Alabama church looking for survivors of a bombing, then presided over a funeral for some of the youngest victims of civil rights-era violence, has died. He was 82.

Cross, who had been in failing health since a series of strokes, including internal bleeding and other medical problems, died Thursday at DeKalb Medical at Hillandale, his daughter, Barbara, said in a telephone interview Saturday.

In 1962, he became pastor of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, which had become a haven for civil rights activities. On Sept. 15, 1963, a bomb went off during preparations for a youth service.

Barbara Cross, who was 13 at the time of the bombing and was inside the church but not seriously injured, remembers that her father started digging through the debris right after the explosion.

β€œAfter the dynamite went off, it dug a large crater,” she recalled. β€œHe had to go through that rubble to make sure all of the children were OK.”

As he dug, other people there told him to stop, worried that there could be another blast.

β€œBut he said, β€˜Don’t let another charge go off. I’ve got to go in,'” she said of her father.

The elder Cross later presided over a mass funeral for three of the four girls killed by the blast. The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered the eulogy.

Three ex-Klansmen Robert Chambliss, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Frank Cherry were convicted in the bombing. Chambliss was convicted in 1977 and died in prison. Blanton was convicted in 2001 and is serving a life prison sentence. Cherry was convicted in 2002 and died in prison.

In the years after the bombing, Cross focused on reconciliation among people of all races.

β€œHe realized after the bombing, there was work to be done,” Barbara Cross said. β€œThat was his calling.”

Cross stayed at the church until 1968, when he became director of the Baptist Student Center at Alabama State University. In 1972, he moved to Decatur to become associate pastor of Oakhurst Baptist Church. In 1977, he was named the black church relations director for the Atlanta Baptist Association, a post he held until he retired in 1989.

His funeral is set for Tuesday at Greenforest Community Baptist Church in Decatur, Ga.

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