U.S. Census: Texas is Nation’s Newest ‘Majority-Minority’ State
Texas has now joined Hawaii, New Mexico and California as a “majority-minority” state, along with the District of Columbia, the U.S. Census Bureau reported recently. Five states — Maryland, Mississippi, Georgia, New York and Arizona — are next in line with minority populations of about 40 percent. (The minority population includes all people except non-Hispanic single-race Whites.)
According to July 1, 2004, population estimates, Texas had a minority population of 11.3 million, comprising 50.2 percent of its total population of 22.5 million. In comparison, 77 percent of Hawaii’s population was minority. In New Mexico and California, the proportions were 57 percent and 56 percent, respectively, while the District of Columbia was 70 percent minority.
The following race data are for people reporting their specified race, whether or not they reported any other races, and for Hispanics (who may be of any race). Among the highlights:
– Hispanics: California had the largest Hispanic population in July 2004 (12.4 million) and the largest numerical increase (351,000) since July 2003; New Mexico was the state where Hispanics comprised the highest proportion of the total population (43 percent).
– Blacks: New York had the largest Black population in July 2004 (3.5 million); Florida had the largest numerical increase (85,900) since July 2003. The District of Columbia was where Blacks comprised the highest proportion of the total population (59 percent).
– Asians: California had both the largest Asian population (4.8 million) in July 2004 and the largest numerical increase (123,000) since July 2003; Hawaii was the state where Asians made up the highest proportion of the total population (58 percent).
– American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIAN): California had the largest population of AIAN (687,400) in July 2004; Arizona had the largest numerical increase (6,400) since July 2003; Alaska was the state where AIAN made up the highest proportion (19 percent) of the total.
– Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (NHPI): Hawaii had the largest population of NHPI (279,700); California, the largest numerical increase (3,400) since July 2003; Hawaii also was where NHPI made up the largest proportion (22 percent) of the total population.
The federal government treats Hispanic origin and race as distinct concepts. Therefore, separate questions are asked about them. For further details, see <www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/compraceho.html>.
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