Tobacco Use Among HBCU Students Not as Prevalent, Shows NCCU Survey
Findings from a survey conducted by North Carolina Central University (NCCU) and the Historically Minority Colleges and Universities Consortium (HMCUC) show tobacco use is not as prevalent at historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) as previous studies have indicated.
“These results are just our preliminary findings which comprise a small portion of a comprehensive study,” said Roderick F. Brown, project director for “On the Ground Cessation” project. “Our next step is to administer the survey and acquire data from other participating HBCUs. Our target audiences include HBCUs and the African-American community.”
“On the Ground Cessation” is a partnership among NCCU, Bennett College for Women and North Carolina A&T State University designed to reduce smoking among college students. The project also is intended to strengthen campus non-smoking policies and work with faculty and local leaders to develop resources to help reduce and prevent tobacco use in surrounding communities.
“The ‘On the Ground Cessation’ project represents groundbreaking research and programming in the field of tobacco control,” said Al Richmond, project coordinator, North Carolina Institute of Minority Economic Development. “For the first time, we have research that addresses issues related to tobacco use among students enrolled at HBCUs.”
An 83-question survey was developed that assesses socio-demographic information, attitudes toward tobacco use, history of tobacco use, access to tobacco and tobacco use behavior. Preliminary findings of this study indicate that smoking is not as widely practiced as anticipated and has not become a socially acceptable or encouraged norm among college students attending an HBCU in general and African-American college students in particular.
“Reports of college students that use tobacco ranged from 27 percent to 34 percent; however, our study found that only 13 percent of African-American students are smokers,” said Michelle Cotton-Laws, project evaluator. “In our report, 86 percent of the students reported that smoking was discouraged among their peers and 45 percent of the students responded that they preferred associating with peers that did not smoke… Our study found that gender, depression and peer influences are major factors for students determining whether to smoke.”
Cotton-Laws also noted there is no statistically significant relationship between gender and reasons for smoking; however, there is a statistically significant relationship between race and reason for smoking. African-Americans are more likely to smoke for sensation or no reason, whereas Whites and multiracial persons are likely to use smoking as a social tool.
College students comprise the largest group of Americans aged 18 to 24 years. Evidence from national data reported by the Centers for Disease Control indicate that college years are a critical period when young adults are significantly influenced to adopt or renounce the use of tobacco and smoking.
“Previously, data collected only targeted the majority population and there has not been much data regarding the minority population,” said Brown. “This is the first extensive study regarding the use of tobacco among college students at HBCUs.”
Respiratory and cardiovascular diseases are some of the health disparities that exist among African Americans, which are contributed from tobacco use.
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