Last February, President Barack Obama launched the My Brother’s Keeper initiative with the intent of providing support to boys and young men of color to help them reach their full potential. He outlined six goals associated with the initiative: 1) getting a healthy start and entering school ready to learn; 2) reading at grade level by third grade; 3) preparing them in high school for college and career; 4) completing post-secondary education or training; 5) successfully entering the workforce; and 6) keeping them on track and giving them second chances.
The president’s initiative is a worthwhile effort, but it is not the first of its kind. There are many men and organizations, HBCUs in particular, that were working with boys and young men of color across the nation long before the president announced his program. They should be applauded and supported in their work.
Some stakeholders believe HBCUs should play a lead role in the My Brother’s Keeper initiative. We agree. HBCUs have expertise in working with the populations the initiative seeks to serve. There are many HBCUs that have longstanding male initiative programs that focus on helping their male students graduate from college and/or supporting males in the community. Many HBCU advocates have criticized the president for not consulting, inviting, or even mentioning HBCUs in press conferences or major events associated with the initiative. These advocates suggest that representatives from existing HBCU mentoring programs need to be a part of this initiative if it is to truly represent the interests of Black boys and young men. We agree.
As the initiative unfolds, we strongly believe that philanthropic and mentoring organizations, policymakers, and mentors must not lose sight of what is morally right for Black boys and young men. In the wake of Mike Brown, Tamir Rice, and many other Black males who have been senselessly murdered, doing what is morally right is of the utmost importance. It should not take presidential initiatives or highly publicized, senseless murders to force people to do what is morally right for this population. People and organizations should support Black boys and young men in achieving excellence simply because it is the just and morally right thing to do.
As an HBCU administrator and faculty members, we are committed to supporting Black boys and young men. Through our institution, Bowie State University (BSU), and our personal endeavors, we are engaged in the work of supporting Black males at the community, school, and university levels. Like many other HBCUs, BSU is engaged in the work of uplifting this undervalued group through the Male Initiative (MI). Supporting Black males is not an easy undertaking for HBCUs that have not only been historically underfunded, under-resourced, but continue to experience financial challenges today.
Despite the history and current reality, HBCUs continue to help underserved Black young men and boys excel academically, socially, and professionally. To aid HBCUs in their efforts to support Black males, their history of being underfunded and deprived of resources must be taken into consideration. In order to determine HBCUs’ capacity to be of service, attention must be paid to the resources allocated to these institutions. The issue of resource allocation becomes especially important as HBCUs address the demands of new and existing policies that compound their financial challenges and impact their number one priority: students.
Many of these students are Black, financially strained, first-generation college students who have been poorly prepared for the academic rigors of college. As a result, they need a lot of support and encouragement, which they do not always get. As leaders in serving underserved populations, we are fully aware of the many pundits who question the continued need for these institutions and attack them on all fronts. They see the many students who do not graduate and assume the problem lies strictly with the institutions. This is not true.
HBCUs are needed to nurture and develop the next generations of Black college students. They provide a unique environment that helps students develop knowledge of self and an awareness of their responsibility to their community. As evidenced by the HBCU students from across the country who have protested the grand jury decision of Mike Brown’s murder, these institutions produce intelligent, socially conscious individuals who are an asset to their community.
Not only do HBCUs serve their students, but they also serve their surrounding communities. Many organizations seek to utilize the services of young men from HBCUs as mentors for local boys and teenagers. Others utilize the universities themselves as a convener of events and services for boys and young men. While we believe HBCUs should be a convener and engage young men in community service, we must not lose sight of the support these young men need to be successful in and graduate from college.
Preliminary findings from our research and evaluation of the BSU MI provide important insight about using Black males from HBCUs to support mentoring efforts in the community. First, we have to be mindful that many Black male college students at HBCUs are actively involved on campus and in the community. Therefore, we must be mindful of how many additional responsibilities we place on them. Second, we have to keep in mind that many of these young men work to support themselves and pay for college, which means they have limited time to mentor. They are balancing academics, extracurricular activities, and work duties. To help ease the burden of shouldering so much responsibility, we believe there is a need to provide financial support to college males who mentor young people. Unfortunately, many HBCUs and mentoring organizations lack the resources to provide financial support to their mentors.
HBCUs also lack the capability and resources to research and evaluate program components to provide insight into their effectiveness and impact on male participants. HBCUs need resources to collect data to ensure their mentoring programs meet the needs of those they serve. HBCUs have a moral obligation to Black young men and boys, but they cannot fulfill that obligation without the support of the community.
Dr. Julius Davis is an assistant professor of Mathematics Education in the College of Education, Dr. Ohmar Land is Director of Major Gifts in the Office of Institutional Advancement and Dr. Wilbur Park is an assistant professor of Educational Leadership in the College of Education at Bowie State University.