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Texas leads nation in teen birth rate, study says

Texas had the nation’s highest birth rate among teenagers
ages 15 to 19 in 2004, according to a newly released study of children’s

The Kids Count study, which is updated annually by the Annie
E. Casey Foundation in Baltimore,
said the Texas rate of 63 births
per 1,000 teens remained the same from 2003 to 2004.

Texas tied New
Mexico and Mississippi
for the top spot in 2003, but both of those states saw their rates decline in
2004. The average rate nationally was 41 births per 1,000 teens in 2004.

Texas mirrored
the rest of the nation in reporting a steep decline in teen births since at
least 1990.

has been showing improvement, but other states are showing more
improvement,” said Frances Deviney, director of Texas Kids Count and a
senior research associate for the Center for Public Policy Priorities in Austin.

According to the study, Hispanic teens are more than 3 1/2
times as likely as Anglos to have a baby. Blacks are more than twice as likely
as their white peers to give birth.

Observers were divided on whether Texas’
emphasis on abstinence in sex education contributes to the state’s relatively
high numbers. A 1995 law requires school districts to emphasize abstinence in
sex education classes.

“It’s a touchy subject,” said Robert Sanborn,
president of Children at Risk. “We can preach abstinence quite a bit, and
there is nothing wrong with that, but it doesn’t affect some kids, and
apparently it’s really not working in Texas.”

Don McLeroy, president of the State Board of Education,
noted that sex education is mainly a local issue, with state law requiring each
district to have a local committee that decides what will be taught.

“The idea that just giving them a lot of information is
going to solve it, I think, is kind of naive,” he said. “Certainly,
it’s more of a societal problem than it is a school problem.”

Christine Markham, an assistant professor for health
promotion and behavioral science at the University of Texas Health Science
Center in Houston, said her studies
of sexually active middle schoolers showed that educators need to provide
information to students about sexual health and development before they reach
high school.

“A lot of parents want to talk to their child about sex
and dating, but they don’t know how to start the conversation,” she said.

Information from: Houston

– Associated Press

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